Eagles & Wind Energy

Martha de Jong-Lantink, Flickr, licensed under CC BY 2.0

AWWI and collaborators are producing results to predict, minimize, and offset impacts from wind energy to eagles

Bald and golden eagles range over wide areas of the United States, including areas with existing wind facilities and prime areas for future development. Like all forms of energy production, wind energy can pose some risks to wildlife, including bald and golden eagles. Multiple federal laws prohibit take (killing, wounding, or disturbing) of eagles without a permit, and wind companies seek options to avoid, minimize, or offset any impacts.

Eagle take is generally rare at most wind facilities. Still, wind farms may be at risk of violating federal law due to the widespread range of eagles and gaps in understanding of wind energy’s risk to eagles. AWWI and collaborators are working to assess risk and find solutions to maximize both wind energy operation and eagle conservation.

Jim Gain, Flickr, licensed under CC BY 2.0

Eagle Issue Brief

For an overview of eagle conservation policy in the U.S. and applications to eagles and wind energy, view the Eagle Issue Brief.

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Bald Eagle By mishaleppert, Flickr, licensed under CC BY 2.0

Eagle Research Framework

Learn more about the approach to researching eagles & wind energy in the Eagle Research Framework, which outlines a national, hypothesis-driven research program on eagles and wind energy. It provides guidance on research into estimating, minimizing, and compensating for take of eagles at wind energy facilities.

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Golden Eagle By ahisgett, Flickr, licensed under CC BY 2.0

Eagle White Paper

Read the Eagle White Paper for information on population status and trends of bald and golden eagles, anthropogenic sources of eagle mortality, potential mitigation options, and research and conservation priorities.

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Visit the Results Catalog for More Resources on Eagles & Wind Energy